National Milk Day raises awareness of the value of milk in human life and the advantages of milk consumption. By expanding the production of milk products, NMD also seeks to strengthen the dairy industry. Dr. Verghese Kurien’s birthday is commemorated on November 26th with the National Milk Day. He is credited with bringing India’s “white revolution.” The white revolution was started by Dr. Verghese Kurien, who also made India’s largest self-sustaining industry the dairy farm. On November 26, 2014, the Ministry of Animal Husbandry & Dairying observed National Milk Day in his honor.
National Milk Day
Phosphorus, calcium, vitamin B, vitamin D, and potassium are all nutrients that are best found in milk for humans. The GDP of India is largely 5.3% derived from the dairy industry. In actuality, the National milk day 2022 will be honoured the 101th birthday of Dr. Kurien.
Moreover, the stakeholders in the dairy industry received National Gopal Ratna Awards. Additionally, a laboratory for in vitro fertilisation was established in Gujarat, Dhamrod, Hessarghatta, and
National Milk Day Importance
The National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) Campus at Anand in Gujarat will celebrate “National Milk Day” on Friday to mark the birth centenary of Dr. Verghese Kurien, known as the “Milk Man of India” for his outstanding contributions to the dairy industry and founding of the Amul.According to a statement from the Ministry of Animal Husbandry, Dairy, the Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying will co-organize the event with the NDDB and other institutions founded by Dr. Kurien.
National Milk Day Overview
|Day Name||National Milk Day|
|Celebrated On||26th November|
|Organized by||Dr. Verghese Kurien|
|Aim of the day||To signify importance of milk|
|Was first celebrated on||Year 2001|
What is White Revolution?
On National Milk Day in India, people commemorate how Operation Flood revolutionised milk production in their country. On January 13th, 1970, Operation Flood was conducted to assist farmers in obtaining the best possible price for their goods. Previous year National milk day theme 2021 had no theme to celebrate.
Within thirty years, the dairy industry became a viable rural employment sector thanks to this programme for the development of the dairy industry.
To increase milk production nationwide, Dr. Verghese Kurien launched the White Revolution in India. Operation Flood, which assisted farmers in setting fair milk prices, was a significant component of the revolution. Below are some key points regarding the revolution:
The White revolution put local farmers in charge of milk production and distribution, which improved the efficiency of the dairy business. The GDP then increased as a result of the growth in rural income.
India overtook the United States as the top milk production by 2016.
The production and development of milk and milk products were directly under the control of the farmers thanks to this operation. This programme improved the calibre and output of milk production and contributed to the white revolution
Father of white revolution
Dr. Varghese Kurien is the father of white revolution. He was an entrepreneur for good. The largest agricultural dairy development programme in the world, Operation Flood, was under his leadership. India, a country with a shortage of milk, became the largest milk producer in the world as a result of this operation. In about 30 years, this movement doubled the amount of milk that was available to each person and quadrupled milk production.
When Dr. Verghese Kurien took the idea for “Operation Flood,” India, which had a shortage of milk, became the world’s largest milk producer. Additionally, this resulted in a four-fold rise in milk production within 30 years and a doubling of the amount of milk accessible per person. He received numerous honors, including the Ramon Magsaysay Award (1963), the World Food Prize (1989), the Krishi Ratna (1986), the Padma Bhushan (1966), and the Padma Shri (1965).
Phases of Operation Flood
Phase I from 1970 to 1980:- It was supported by donations of butter oil and skim milk powder made by the European Union via the World Food Programme. Operation Flood created mother dairies in four metros and connected 18 of India’s best milk sheds with consumers in Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, and Chennai during this phase.
Phase II from 1981 to 1985:- From 18 to 136 milk sheds were added during this phase. A total of 290 urban markets also increased their milk distribution. And by the end of 1985, 4.25 million milk producers were part of a self-sustaining network of 43,000 village cooperatives. By 1989, 140,000 tonnes of domestic milk powder had been produced, up from 22,000 tons.
Phase III from 1985 to 1996:-During this time, dairy cooperatives developed and expanded their infrastructure in order to boost the market’s supply of milk. By incorporating 30,000 new dairy cooperatives into the 42,000 dairy cooperatives that had already been established during phase II, this phase strengthened the dairy cooperative movement in India. Women’s participation in milksheds, which increased to 173 in 1988–1989, and Women’s Dairy Cooperative Societies also increased significantly.
The Women’s Dairy Cooperative Leadership Programme (WDCLP) was established in 1995 as a pilot programme with the goal of fostering women’s leadership in cooperative societies, unions, and federations while also strengthening the dairy cooperative movement.Research and development in animal nutrition and health were also emphasised during this phase. Innovations like a vaccine for theileriosis, avoiding protein feed, and urea-molasses mineral blocks helped milch animals produce more milk.
Q1. National Milk day is celebrated on whose birthday?
Ans. Dr. Verghese Kurien is the father of white revolution.
Q2. Why is National Milk Day Celebrated?
Ans. National Milk Day is celebrated to honor the father of white revolution Dr. Verghese Kurien and to make awareness of the importance of milk.